LETTERS And TREATIES

LETTER TO NAHSHALL BIN MAALIK, CHIEF OF BANI VAIL

LETTER TO RIFAA BIN ZAID JUZAMI

LETTER TO BANU ASAD

LETTER TO THE CHIEFS OF AQABA

LETTER TO THE PEOPLE OF MAQNA

LETTER TO THE PEOPLE OF AZRUH

LETTER TO THE CHIEF OF HAMDAN

LETTER TO KHALID BIN WALEED (Raziallah AnhoA.)

LETTER TO MUSAILMA KAZZAB (THE LIAR)

LETTER TO MUAZ BIN JABAL (Raziallah AnhoA.)

LETTER TO GENIE

LETTER TO ZUL GHUSSA QAIS

LETTER TO AMR BIN MABAD AL-JUHANI

LETTER TO BANI ZUHAIR

LETTER TO SOHAIL BIN AMR

LETTER TO KHASAM TRIBE

LETTER TO ZAMAL BIN AMR-AL-UZRI

INJUNCTIONS OF THE HOLY PROPHET(Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) TO AMR BIN MURRA JUHANI

INJUNCTIONS TO MUTTARIF BIN KAHIN-UL-BAHILI

INJUNCTIONS TO YUHANNA FOR PEACE

DEED GRANTED TO TAMIM-UD-DARI(Raziallah AnhoA)

INJUNCTIONS TO THE TRIBE OF LAKHAM

INJUNCTIONS TO BANI-AL-BAKKA

TO BANI UQAIL

TO BARIQ TRIBE

TO ZURA ZI YAZAN

TO THE CHIEFS OF ABAHILA, HADAR MAUT

RATE OF ZAKAT AND PUNISHMENT FOR LECHERY

TO WAIL BIN HUJAR

TO THE CHIEFS OF YEMEN

INJUNCTIONS TO YAZEED BINAL-MUHAJJAL HARISI

TO BANI MUAVIYA BIN JARWAL

ORDERS TO DHUMAIRA LAISI

INJUNCTIONS TO BANI NAHAD

ORDER TO ABD YAGHOOS AL-HARISI

ORDERS TO RABIA BIN ZI-MARHAB AL HADRAMI

INJUNCTIONS TO THE KALB TRIBE

INJUNCTIONS TO MEHRI BIN AL-ABYAD

INJUNCTIONS TO AMIR BIN ASWAD TAI

ORDERS TO BANI JUWAIN

DEED GRANTED TO ZUBAIR BIN AWWAM

DEED GRANTED TO AUSAJA BIN HURMALA JUHANI

ORDERS TO BANI JURMUZ

DEED GRANTED TO BANI SHAMAKH

DEED GRANTED TO BANI AL-HARIS

DEED GRANTED TO BILAL BIN HARIS AL MUZANI

DEED GRANTED TO HIRAM BIN ABD-AS SULAMI

DEED GRANTED TO SAEED DIN SUFYAN

DEED GRANTED TO UTBA BIN FARQAD

 

 More Letters

 

 

 

 

In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

LETTER TO NAHSHALL BIN MAALIK, CHIEF OF BANI VA'IL



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful
From Muhammad, Prophet of Allah

To Nahshall bin Maalik and the people of Bani Va'il, who have already accepted Islam.

All the people should keep on saying prayers; paying Zakat; obeying Allah and His Prophet and paying one fifth out of the benefits of holy wars for Allah and His Prophet. Keep on proclaiming acceptance of Islam; and staying away from the infidels. All such people are in the protection and trust of Allah, and Muhammad (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) who are responsible for saving them from every kind of oppression and excesses.

Neither shall these people be exiled, nor Ush'r (One tenth) charged from their produce. Their ruler shall be from amongst them.'

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
LETTER TO RIFA'A BIN ZAID JUZAMI



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

From Muhammad, Prophet of Allah

To Rifa'a Bin Zaid.

I am sending Rifa'a to his community. He will extend the invitation of' Allah and His Prophet to his community.

Whoever will accept his invitation, shall be taken as belonging to the organisation of Allah and His Prophet and whoever will refuse to do so, shall be secure for two months.

Note: Rifa'a had accepted Islam earlier. The Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) gave him a letter and sent him as a preacher to his tribe.
LETTER TO BANU ASAD



In the name of Allah the compassionate, the Merciful

From Prophet Muhammad

To Banu Asad.

Peace be on you. I praise Allah, except Whom there is no god to be worshipped.

Thereafter, you have no right to take over the ownership of the wells and lands of Tai tribe. The use of their wells is not permissible (Halal) for you. Also none shall enter their lands, without their permission.

Whoever will not obey me, shall not be my responsibility.

Qaza'i bin Umar who is their administrator should manage this.

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
LETTER TO THE CHIEFS OF AQABA



In the name of ALLAH the compassionate, the Merciful

From Muhammad, Prophet of Allah

To the People of Aqaba

May peace be on you. I praise Allah who is one and except whom there is nobody else to be worshipped.

I do not intend to wage war against you till you receive my written reason for it. It is better for you, either to accept Islam or agree to pay Jiziya and consent to remain obedient to Allah, His prophet and his messengers. My messengers deserve honour. Treat them with respect. Whatever pleases my messengers, will also please me.

These people have been informed of the orders about Jiziya. If you desire that there should be peace and security in the world, obey Allah and His Prophet. Thereafter none in Arabia and Ajam (Iran) shall dare cast an evil eye on you. But the rights of Allah and His Prophet can at no time be waived.

If you do not accept these terms and set them aside, I do not need your presents and gifts. In that case, I shall have to wage war (to establish peace and security). Its result would be that the big ones shall be killed in war and the commoners shall be taken prisoners.

I assure you that I am a true Prophet of Allah. I believe in Allah, and His Books, and His Prophets and am of the faith that Maseeh (Messiah) son of Mariam (Mary), is a Prophet of Allah and His word.

Hurmala (Raziallah AnhoA.) who brought to me 3 wasaq (about 6 quintals) of barley, recommended your case. Had it not been in compliance of the command of Allah and the good opinion of Hurmala for you, it would not have been necessary for me to correspond with you and instead of it, there would have been a war. If you will obey my messengers, you shall immediately have my support and the help and support of everyone who is attached to me.

My messengers are Shuraih-beel, Obaiy, Hurmala and Hurais (Raziallah AnhoA.) and whatever decision they take in respect of you, shall be acceptable to me.

Your people are under the protection and responsibility of Allah and His Prophet.

Supply provisions to the Jews of Maqna, for their journey to their country.

If you accept obedience, may peace be on you.'

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad .

Note: As in the present day, Aqaba was an important port of the Red Sea. In ancient times also, due to its being an international trade centre, trade caravans to Palestine and African went through Aqaba and trade goods to the Coastal towns of the Red Sea also came from it. under the influence of the Romans, the local Arab tribes who ruled here, got converted to Christianity, but due to the oppressive behaviour of the Romans, the Arab tribes, living by the side of the Roman frontiers, got hostile to the Romans and wanted to be free.

During the time of the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam), Yuhanna, a bishop, was the ruler of Aqaba. In the beginning he was not prepared to befriend the Muslims. But seeing that Caesar avoided facing the Muslims he came to the side of Islam. Subsequently in the 9th Hijri 630 A.D. the Caesar wanted to invade Medinah with a large army. The Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) however, made up his mind to stem the tide of invasion in the country of the enemies. He, therefore, moved his valiant companions to Tabuk, where he waited for the Roman army for about 12 days. The Roman army was highly frustrated by the courage of Muslims and quietly dispersed without fighting. Yuhanna and other heads of the different tribal states sent delegations and assurances of their obedience to the Holy Prophet, who addressed the letter, given above. Yuhanna himself went to the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) and entered the sanctuary of Islam.
LETTER TO THE PEOPLE OF MAQNA



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

From Muhammad, Prophet of Allah --

To Bani Janba and People of Maqna

Peace be on you. I have come to know that you are going to your villages. You will be in the security, when this writing reaches you. I have forgiven all your crimes. None shall be allowed to oppress you. For you is the guarantee of Allah and His Prophet. You shall be protected, just as we protect ourselves.

One fourth of the produce of datepalm gardens, Sea-Catch and the Yam Spun, is due from you. After its payment, you shall be exempt from Jizya and all kinds of free labour. If you will remain loyal, it shall be obligatory on us to honour your respectable people and to forgive all your past offences!

Towards the end of the holy letter, the following direction for the Muslims was written:

Whoever will treat the people of Maqna nicely, it shall be better for him and who ever will maltreat them, it shall be harmful for him.

A ruler for you, shall either be appointed from amongst you or from those connected with me

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad

Note: The people of Maqna which is situated on the Gulf Aqaba, were Jews. They sent a messenger to the Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) assuring him of their loyalty and requested for an injunction.
LETTER TO THE PEOPLE OF AZRUH



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

From Muhammad, Prophet of Allah

To the people of Azruh

These people are under the refuge and protection of Allah and his Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) In every Rajab (7th month of the Islamic Calendar) one hundred dinars shall be payable by them. Allah shall be their custodian, in return for their goodwill and good turn to the faithful.

These people shall be in every sort of security unless informed otherwise by Muhammad (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam)'

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
LETTER TO THE CHIEF OF HAMDAN



In the name Of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

From Muhammad, Prophet of Allah --

To Umair Zimaran

May peace be on you. I praise Allah, except whom there is none to be worshipped.

Thereafter; On return from Rome, I received the news about the acceptance of Islam by your tribe. Congratulations to the people of the Hamdan that Allah has honoured them with His guidance. Your people should make a declaration of Islam and that there is none to be worshipped except Allah and that Muhammad (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) is His Prophet! Those who say their prayers and pay Zakat, shall be the responsibility of Allah and His Prophet. None shall be oppressed, or outraged. And whoever owns something, shall remain owner thereof.

It is not permissible for the Ahle bait (Kins) of the Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) to accept any Charity. Malik bin Musara Ruhawi (Raziallah Anho) has delivered your message. I emphasise on you to treat him nicely. He is amongst the best people of his group'

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad

Note: The above letter was sent on the occasion of the receipt of the good news that as a result of the preaching of Qais bin Malik who belonged to the Hamdan Tribe, the entire tribe embraced Islam. Earlier Qais had presented himself to the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) and accepted Islam. He was deputed to preach Islam to his tribe.
LETTER TO KHALID BIN WALEED (Raziallah AnhoA.)



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

From Muhammad, Prophet of Allah --

To Khalid bin Waleed.

Peace be on you! I praise Allah except whom there is none to be worshipped.

Thereafter, received your letter, through your messenger, in which you have informed about the acceptance of Islam by Bani Al-Haris. I came to know that they have accepted the invitation which you took to them and that they testify that there is none to be worshipped except Allah, the One, who is without an associate and that Muhammad (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) is His servant and Prophet.

Allah has honoured them with His guidance. Give them the good news about Paradise and frighten them from Hell.

After performing this work, come here and tell the people to send a deputation to me.

Peace be on you and Kindness of Allah and His blessings

Note: The Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) had sent Khalid bin Waleed (Raziallah Anho) to the Bani Haris tribe who lived in Yemen with an invitation to embrace Islam. The entire tribe accepted Islam. When Waleed conveyed the good news the Holy prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) wrote to him the above letter.
LETTER TO MUSAILMA KAZZAB (THE LIAR)



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

From Muhammad, Prophet of Allah --

To Musailma Kazzab

Peace be on him, who follows guidance.

Land is that of Allah, Who makes, anyone of his men, whom He desires, its inheritor.

And good ending is for those who fear Allah'

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
Note: It has previously been mentioned that Hauza, the Governor of Yamama had written to the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) that in case the Prophet was agreeable to include him in his government, he was ready to accept Islam. This demand was rejected by the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam). After the death of Hauza, Musailma succeeded him. Immediately thereafter he falsely declared himself a prophet and wrote to the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) that he had been associated in the prophethood and therefore, half the country should be given to him. In reply the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) had a verse of the Holy Quran from Surah A'raf written, translation of which appears above and had it sent to Musailma. Such a brief and yet so eloquent a reply, has no parallel.

Musailma was killed in a battle with Khalid bin Waleed (Raziallah AnhoA.), after the passing away of the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam).
LETTER TO M'UAZ BIN JABAL (Raziallah AnhoA.)



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

From Muhammad, Prophet of Allah --

To M'uaz bin Jabal (Raziallah Anho)

May Peace be on you! I praise Allah the one. May Allah add to your recompense and calm your sad heart and give you endurance to thank Him.

As a matter of fact, our lives, our kith and kin and our property are merely a trust temporarily reposed in us from amongst the gifts of Allah. He benefits his servant by it, till he likes and when the fixed time comes, He takes it back.

The duty of a man is to thank Allah, when He bestows on him a munificence and when it is taken back, he should endure it with patience.

Your son was a good trust of Allah. He kept you blessed with him, till He liked. And when He desired He took him away from you, in return for a great recompense, provided you keep yourself contented with the will of Allah

Oh M'uaz (Raziallah AnhoA.), if you show impatience you will lose. your recompense or reward with Allah. If you get to know, how much return and recompense has been granted to you for it, then this loss would appear very meagre in your eye.

The promise which Allah has made with the people who endure misfortune and pain with patience, shall be fully fulfilled in the life to come, The promise of Allah should reduce your grief. Whatever is destined to take place, must occur.

Peace be there!'

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad

Note: M'uaz was an esteemed Companion of the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) who embraced Islam at the young age of 18. He belonged to the Ansars. The Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) sent him to educate the Muslims, in Yemen while there, his son died. On that occasion the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) wrote to him the above letter of condolence, exhorting him to bear the loss patiently.
LETTER TO GENIE



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

This writing of the Prophet of Allah, the Sustainer of the world is for the person who, due to some reason, enters a house at night or resides in a house and inflict harm. 0 Rahman! bestow goodness on him!

Thereafter! Between us and you, there is an extensiveness and room as regards rights. Therefore if you love someone and have a liking for him and do not distinguish between right and wrong and want to resort to force, and belie what is right, then you should know that the Book of Allah gives the right judgement between us and you. Says Allah the Sublime, "This is My Book, which speaks out what is right, as compared to yourself. We record, whatever you do and Our Angles, too keep it writing.

Therefore, let alone the person who has this writing of mine and flee to the idol-worshippers, or go to a person who associates someone else with the worship of Allah although there is none else worthy of worship except Allah. Everything except Him is perishable. In this world, His is the rule and to Him, all have to return (after death)."

''ThagHLaboon" "Ha Meem" They should not be helped. "Ha Meem 'Aen Seen Oaf'. The enemies of Allah get dispersed! The proof has already come from Allah. Nobody except Allah wields power and force! Therefore Allah Who is All-Knowing and All-Hearing, is enough to save you from their mischief! '

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad

Note: Abu Dujana (Raziallah Anho) a brave and fearless warrior and a companion of the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam), came to him and related that one night when he lay down on his bed to sleep, he heard a horrible sound and saw something like lightning; and saw a shadow moving in the courtyard. He further mentioned that as he proceeded towards it, a flame leapt in his direction and he was afraid lest it should burn him. The Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) observed that it might have been a genie. He, therefore, had the above letter written, which Abu Dujana kept under his pillow and lay down. He heard somebody saying", Oh Abu Dujana, By Lat and Uzza 'you have burnt me. If you remove the writing from under your pillow, then by the writer of the letter, I shall never visit your house or your neighbourhood again." Abu Dujana related the incident to the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) Who said, "Abu Dujana! Remove the writing otherwise, by the One Who has sent me as a Prophet, the community of genie shall remain in agony, till the Day of Judgement.
LETTER TO ZUL GHUSSA QAIS



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Bani Al Haris and Bani Nahad are the responsibility of Allah and His Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam). Neither shall they be ousted from their habitations nor Ushr taken from them, provided they continue to say their prayers, pay Zakat, live apart from infidels and declare their Islam.

Besides these, the protection of roads shall be included among their duties. t

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad

Note: Zul Ghussa Qais was a Chief of the Bani Nahad Tribe.
LETTER TO 'AMR BIN M'ABAD AL-JUHANI



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Whoever from amongst these people accepts Islam, says prayers, pays Zakat remains obedient to Allah and His Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam), declares his Islam, keeps away from infidels and keeps paying the share of Allah and His Prophet from the benefits of holy wars, shall be in the protection of Allah and His Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam)

Whoever from amongst the Muslims, whom payment of a debt is due from somebody, shall receive the amount of the principal only and interest on the pawned amount shall not be admissible.

Zakat on fruits shall be one tenth of the produce.

Whoever will join these people, will have to abide by these injunctions.

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
LETTER TO BANI ZUHAIR



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful

From Muhammad, the Prophet of Allah --

To Bani Zuhair

If the people of Bani Zuhair bin Uqaish (a branch of Ukal Tribe), believe in Allah and His Prophet and have faith in them; say prayers, pay Zakat, keep away from infidels and accept the share of Allah and His Prophet in the benefits of holy wars; they shall be secure in the protection of Allah and His Prophet.

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad

Note: The above letter was written on a parchment found with a person named Al Namir bin Taulab, who stated it contained the injunctions issued by the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) to his tribe.
LETTER TO SOHAIL BIN 'AMR



In the name Of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Immediately on receipt of this letter, send me Zamzam water.

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad

Note: As already mentioned elsewhere, Sohail bin 'Amar was a bitter enemy of Islam and made highly inflammable and virulent speeches against the Holy Prophet(Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam). He was the person who made peace with the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) on behalf of the Quraish on his own terms, after a considerable argumentation. After the conquest of Makkah, he hid himself in his home and requested his son Abu Jundal (Raziallah Anho) to have his life spared. An account of the persecution, of Abu Jundal, who had embraced Islam, by his father Sohail, appears elsewhere in this book. The Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) generously forgave all his past faults. Sohail was so moved by the limitless kindness of the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam), that he sincerely embraced Islam and became one of the greatest devotees of Islam. It is well known that none excelled him in saying more prayers, or keeping more fasts and giving more charity. The excess of prayers and fasts extremely emaciated him. As soon as he received the above letter, he sent two water skins of Zamzam Water to the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam)
LETTER TO KHAS'AM TRIBE



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

0; the people of Khas'am, who live in jungle or villages and who in their dark days (before embracing Islam) committed murders, are forgiven.

Whoever from these people accepts Islam, will have to pay one twentieth of the produce of the land irrigated by springs and one tenth of the produce of rainfed lands. one tenth of the produce of rain fed lands.'

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad

Note: The people of Khas'am tribe were agriculturists. The Holy Prophet(Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) gave general amnesty to the criminals of the tribe in the above letter.
LETTER TO ZAMAL BIN 'AMR-AL-UZRI



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

I send Zamal bin 'Amr to his people. Whoever embraces Islam, is included in the group of Allah

And whoever refuses to accept Islam, there is a guarantee for his security too, for two months.'

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad

Note: Zamal Bin 'Amr, presented himself to the Holy Prophet(Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) and embraced Islam. The Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) sent him with the above letter, to his people.
INJUNCTIONS OF THE HOLY PROPHET(Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) TO 'AMR BIN MURRA JUHANI



In the name Of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

This writing is from Allah, the Sublime, the Great. He disclosed what is right through His Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) and gave him an eloquent Book. 'Amr Bin Murra shall have complete authority over his land. He may graze his cattle, wherever he likes and may water them, provided he keeps paying the fixed Zakat in respect of his cattle. There is no Zakat on draught cattle.

Allah and all the Muslims testify this agreement.

Note: Amar Bin Murra belonged to Juhaina tribe and owned some land. He had gone to perform Hajj, when one night he saw in a dream, above Kaba a glare which clearly showed the mountains of Medinah and Juhaina. He also heard somebody say "Darkness has gone and light has appeared. The last of the Prophets has come; Islam has appeared. Their idols have been shattered and the period of friendship and love has begun." He woke much perturbed. After sometime he came to know of the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) and went to him. The Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) informed him of his prophethood and told him that Islam prohibited unlawful murder, rioting and idolatry and enjoined on them to keep fasts for a month in a year. He further affirmed that the person who accepted these injunctions, would go to paradise and who refused to do so would go to Hell. Amr immediately embraced Islam and asked for permission to go to his tribe and preach Islam to them. The people of his tribe except one, embraced Islam. On his return, the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) gave the above injunctions for the people of his tribe.
INJUNCTIONS TO MUTTARIF BIN KAHIN-UL-BAHILI



In the name OF Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

From Muhammad, the Prophet of Allah --

To Muttarif bin Kahin-ul-Bahili

Whoever from your tribe will render cultivable any waste land, that land shall be his.

Such people shall owes as of Zakat a cow per 30 cows; a year old sheep per 40 sheep and one six year old camel per 50 camels.

The collectors of Zakat shall have no right to compel them to receive Zakat from them at any place, other than their meadows. All the people of the tribe are under the protection of Allah.

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
INJUNCTIONS TO YUHANNA FOR PEACE



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

From Allah and Muhammad Prophet of Allah, this letter of peace is for Yuhanna, people of Ela, their scholars; for the boats and caravans which may be on sea and land. Those of the people of Syria Yemen and Seamen who may be with them are also included in this protection. For all of them is the guarantee of Allah and Muhammad, His Prophet! But whoever will violate this promise, shall not be under their protective responsibility.

The water of the wells, where these people stay, shall not be denied to anybody and they will not have a right to block any land or sea routes.

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad

Note: The above injunctions were given by the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) to Yuhanna.
DEED GRANTED TO TAMIM-UD-DARI(Raziallah AnhoA)



In the name Of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Muhammad, the Prophet of Allah, has conferred the ownership of Baite Habroon, Baite Aenoon, Al Martoom and Baite Ibraheem to Tarnim-ud-Dari and his companions. Whatever be therein, shall be theirs.

After them, their descendants shall be their owners.

Whoever will try to deprive them of this ownership, curse of Allah and His angels be on him.

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad

Note: Tamimud-Dari, a Christian hermit of Palestine, presented himself, along with a man of his tribe, to the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) and embraced Islam. He was so sure of the righteous of Islam and its rapid spread, that he requested the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) to give the ownership deed, in respect of Baite Habroon, etc., although at the time the Quraish had made life for the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) and his companion miserable and extremely difficult. The Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) was gracious enough to comply with his request. When the latter returned after the battle of Tabuk, Tamim-ud-Dari again presented himself to the Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) and requested for the renewal of the deed. The above document was given in compliance with the request.
INJUNCTIONS TO THE TRIBE OF LAKHAM



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

1. Whoever from the Tribe of Lakham will embrace Islam, say prayers, pay Zakat, pay the Khums (fifth) to Allah and His Prophet, keep aloof from the infidels, shall be under the protection and responsibility of Allah, and His Prophet.

2. But whoever will turn his back upon Islam, Allah and His Prophet shall not be responsible for him.

3. If any Muslim will bear testimony to a person's being a Muslim, that person shall be under the protection and responsibility of Muhammad, the Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) and he shall be included amongst the Muslims.'

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
INJUNCTIONS TO BANI-AL-BAKKA



In the name Of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

From Muhammad, the Prophet

To Bani-al-Bakka

Whoever from you embraces Islam, says prayers, pays Zakat, remains obedient to Allah and His Prophet(Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) and his companions, pro-claims his Islam and severes connection with infidels, is under the security of Allah, the Sublime and Great and His Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam)

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad

Note: A three-man deputation of Bani-al-Bakka, including M'uavia bin Saur, presented itself to the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam). Ibn Saur requested the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) to bless his son Bishr. The Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) passed his hand over the face of Bishr and prayed for their prosperity. It is stated that never did the Tribe, which usually faced famines, had famine in their area and were always prosperous, thereafter.
TO BANI UQAIL



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

This certification of Muhammad, Prophet of Allah is for Rabi, Muttarif and Anas.

These people are given the land of Aqiq Valley. Till they continue to say prayers, pay Zakat and remain obedient to Allah and His Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam), they shall be entitled to receive benefit from the Aqiq valley.?

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad

Note: A deputation of the Uqail Tribe presented itself to the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) and embraced Islam. The Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) gave them a tract of land in Aqiq Valley. Another delegation of Bani Uqail received a watering place named Nozaim.
LETTER TO BANI UQAIL



In the name Of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

This certification of Muhammad, Prophet of Allah is for Rabi, Muttarif and Anas.

These people are given the land of Aqiq Valley. Till they continue to say prayers, pay Zakat and remain obedient to Allah and His Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) they shall be entitled to receive benefit from the Aqiq Valley.

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
TO BARIQ TRIBE



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

From Muhammad, Prophet of Allah (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam)

To the People of Bariq

None shall pluck the fruits produced by the people of Bariq, except with their permission. It shall not be permissible to graze cattle in their meadows in any season of winter and summer. However, if any Muslim, not having a meadow, passes through their land with cattle for grazing them, it shall be the responsibility of the people of Bariq to entertain him for three days at the maximum. When fruits in their gardens ripen, a traveller shall be entitled to pick and eat as many fallen fruits can satisfy his hunger, but he shall not be entitled to carry the fruit with him.'

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
TO ZUR'A ZI YAZAN



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

From Muhammad, the Prophet of Allah--

To Zur'a Zi Yazan

I declare that there is none to be worshipped except Allah and I am his servant and Prophet.

When my messengers Ma'az Bin Jabal, Abdullah Bin Zaid, Malik Bin Ibada, Aqaba Bin Nimr, Malik Bin Murara and Theri companions reach there, you should welcome them and hand over to them Zakat and Jiziya after collecting these.

Malik Bin Murara has reported to me that from amongst the Zumair Tribe, you have embraced Islam first of all, and that you have been fighting against the infidels. For this, I give you the good news of blessings and I impress upon you to do good to your subjects. Neither should they be treated dishonestly, nor their help withdrawn.

The Prophet of Allah must be obeyed by all, rich or poor. It is not permissible for him or any of his kins to accept charity. Zakat which is received, is for the indigent Muslims, and travellers and that its payment is meant to cleanse wealth.

The people whom I have sent to you, are good followers of mine, by virtue of their knowledge and actions. Therefore, they deserve your good treatment.

Peace be on you and kindness of Allah and His blessings.

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
TO THE CHIEFS OF ABAHILA, HADAR MAUT



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

From Muhammad, Prophet of Allah --

To Chiefs of Abahila

You should keep saying prayers and paying Zakat. It is obligatory and necessary for every one from whom Zakat is due, to pay Zakat on the cattle, which have been grazing in meadows for the major part of a year.

As regards Zakat, it is not right to cheat the collector in order to escape Zakat or get it reduced.

It is also your responsibility and obligation to help the Islamic army with provisions. And for every group of ten men, to provide a camel-load of grains is essential.

The person who hides his wealth shall be saving his money in this manner, he like a usurer who lives on interest.

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad

Note: Due to the intensive efforts of Hazrat ALI, Mu'az Bin Jabal and Abu Musa (Raziallah AnhoA.) whom the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) had sent to Hadar Maut, the entire population of Yemen got converted to Islam. When Wa'il, a chief of Hadar Maut presented himself to the Holy Prophet, he blessed him and gave the above injunction for his people.

In another order the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) stated the rate of Zakat and punishment for lechery. Its text was as follows:
RATE OF ZAKAT AND PUNISHMENT FOR LECHERY


In the name of Allah the Compassionate, the Merciful

1. An average goat as Zakat per 40 goats is essential.

2. On the material which is obtained from the mines, one fifth should be paid.

3. A person who violates the modesty of a virgin, shall be given 100 lashes and exiled for one year. And the person who is guilty of adultery with a married woman, should be stoned to death.

4. There must not be a shame or indolence (in executing) whatever Allah has made obligatory.

5. Every intoxicant is forbidden.

6. Wa'il Bin Hujar has been appointed as Governor of all the people of Hadar Maut.

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
TO WA'IL BIN HUJAR



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

From Muhammad, Prophet of Allah--

To Wa'il Bin Hujar

As you have embraced Islam, I, therefore, let all your property and forts remain in your ownership. You shall, as usual, own them all.

However, you will have to give one tenth of the produce ('Ushr). The decision regarding the division shall be jointly made by two judges. Steps will be taken to see that oppression of no sort is committed against you, till the establishment of the rule of the religion.

Allah's Prophet and all the Muslims are your helpers in this matter.

Seal:Allah's Prophet Muhammad

Note: Wa'il had complained to the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam)that his relatives had illegally taken possession of his landed property. The Holy Prophet(Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) promised to give him much more than his demand and gave him the above orders. However, Wa'il was soon fed up with the worldly pomp and preferred to the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) personally and was ultimately a prominent companion of the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam). To those who grasp the real meaning of this life, temporal glamour becomes meaningless.
TO THE CHIEFS OF YEMEN



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

From Muhammad, Prophet of Allah--

To Shuraihbeel and Haris, etc.

Your messenger reached here with Khums (one-fifth of the benefit of the Holy wars), sent by you.

Allah has fixed 'Ushr ' on the produce of rain fed land and fruits of gardens. But 'Ushr on fields and gardens which are irrigated, is half (20th part or 5%) provided in both the cases, the quantity of the produce comes to five wasaq (about two quintals of the present day).

The rate of Zakat on camels and goats is:

1. On every five camels up to 24, grazing on meadows, one goat be given.

2. From 25 to 35, one binte makhaz (the young one of camel, which has entered the second year of life) be given.

3. From 36 to 45, one binte laboon (the young camel which has entered the third year) be given.

4. From 46 to 60, one hiqqa he/she camel which has entered fourth year) be given

5. From 61 to 90, one Jiz' a (one he/she camel which has entered fifth year) be given

6. From 91 to 120, two hiqqas be given

7. On more than 120 camels, one binte laboon on every 40 additional camels and on every 50 additional camels one hiqqa is fixed.

8. On the goats grazing on meadows, Zakat from 40 to 120 goats, is one goat.

9. From 121 to 200, two goats.

10. From 201 to 300, three goats be given and likewise on every 100, one goat be added.

11. Useless, deformed and old cattle should not be given in Zakat.

12. To avoid Zakat, the cattle of two persons should neither be combined nor separated.

13. One every 5 auqias' of silver, the obligatory Zakat is 5 dirham and on less than 5 auqias, there is no Zakat.

14. On more than five auqias, Zakat is one dirham on every 40 dirhams.

15. On gold, on every 40 dinars.' one dinar is obligatory

16. It is not admissible for Muhammad (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) and his kins to accept Sadaqa (charity) and Zakat. It is for the poor travellers, etc. only.

17. To associate someone with Allah, to kill a sinless Muslim, to avoid Jihad (holy war), to disobey parents, to falsely accuse a sinless person, to learn magic, to take interest and to grab the property of an orphan, are the major sins in the eyes of Allah.

18. None should touch the Quran without cleansing

19. The Umra of the House of Allah, is a smaller Hajj.

20. There can be no divorce before nikah (formal marriage). In Order to set a slave free it is essential first to purchase to him.

21. Prayers should not be offered in a cloth which cannot cover the entire body. It is not permissible (for a woman) to say prayers, after tying her hair, in the shape of a hump.

22. Whoever will murder a momin (true believer) qisas (death punishment) shall be imposed on him, but if the heirs of the murdered person agree to accept diat (blood money), 100 camels shall be given as compensation for the murder. Compensation for eyes, lips, backs, tongues and private parts, is the same.

23. Compensation for a foot is 50 camels. The same is the compensation for mamuma (the wound of skull which penetrates to the membrane of the brain). Compensation for jaefa(wound of belly) is one third. The compensation of the wound, inflicted with a stick is 15 camels and that for the fingers of hand or foot, is 10 camels for each finger. And for each tooth the compensation is 5 camels. Compensation for muzeha(the wound of head, which exposes skull) is also 5 camels.

In the qisas of a woman, the murderer whether man or woman, shall be put to death.

This is the rate of compensation for the common men. A wealthy person will have to pay one thousand dinars, as compensation.'

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammnd

Note: It has been mentioned elsewhere that the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) had sent 'Amar Bin Hazm Ansari as Governor of Yemen. At that time he sent the above injunctions to his administrators Shuraih-beel and Haris.
INJUNCTIONS TO YAZEED BINAL-MUHAJJAL HARISI



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

The place of Nimra and its means of irrigation and Wadi ArRahman in the jungle of Nimra, shall remain in his ownership.

Yazeed and after him, his successors shall be the chiefs of their tribe Bani Malik. Neither shall war be waged against them, nor shall they be ousted from their colonies.

Written by Mugheera Bin Sh'oba.'

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad

Note: The above injunctions were issued to the delegation of Bani Al-Haris which visited the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) under the leadership of Yazeed Al-Harisi.
TO BANI MUAVIYA BIN JARWAL



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Whoever from these people embraces Islam says prayers, pays Zakat, obeys His Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam), pays Khums to Allah and His Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam), out of the holy wars benefits and declares his Islam, is under the protection of Allah and His Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam). Whatever is with them at the time of the acceptance of Islam, shall be theirs. Up to whatever point the sheep reach while grazing, they shall be regarded as owners of the land up to that point.

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
ORDERS TO DHUMAIRA LAISI



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

This writing of Muhammad, Prophet of Allah is for Dhumaim Laisi.

The Prophet of Allah (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) has set free from slavery, Dhumaira Laisi. Now he is absolutely free. If he desires to stay with the Prophet of Allah (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) he can do so. And if wishes to go to his family, he can go there.

No person should interfere with him in any way except in so far as the rights of Allah and rights of men, are concerned. And whichever Muslim meets him, should treat Dhumaira nicely.

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad

Note: Once the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) found a woman weeping. He stopped and enquired of her the reason of her grief The woman informed him that her son was made a slave and sold. She further stated that as he was the only support of her life, she was weeping. The Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) was much moved by her story. He immediately sent a person and purchased Dhumaira from his master, set him free and issued the above orders.
INJUNCTIONS TO BANI NAHAD



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Peace be on him who believes in Allah and His Prophet

Whichever person says prayers, is a momin (faithful) and whoever pays Zakat is a Muslim. And whoever affirms Oneness of Allah and believes in His Prophet, shall not be counted as a delinquent in the eyes of Allah.

You shall have full rights of the use of your meadows and none shall cut down your trees. Leniency shall be shown in the collection of Zakat from you, but sick, old cattle should not be given in Zakat.

Whoever will adhere to this promise, it shall be obligatory on the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) to help him. And whoever will violate this promise it would be an excess on his part.

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
ORDER TO 'ABD YAGHOOS AL-HARISI



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

While in possession of cultivable lands, Abde Yaghoos Al-Harisi embraced Islam, those lands, all their things and datepalm gardens, etc., shall remain with him and the people of his tribe, who will obey and follow Abde Yaghoos.

Till these people continue to say their prayers, pay Zakat and pay Khums from the benefits of holy wars, neither 'ushr on the produce of their lands shall he charged, nor shall they be dispossessed of their lands.

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
ORDERS TO RABI'A BIN ZI-MARHAB AL HADRAMI



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

The wealth and goods of these people, their slaves, wells, canals, villages, trees, the grass of jungle, which grows in Hadar Maut, shall be for the family of Zi-Marhab.

The canal with which these people carry out irrigation, and which flows up to Ale Qais, shall be theirs.

The produce of gardens which are pawned with them, shall be the right of the person who pawned them. The pawnee can not draw profit from the pawned thing. Allah and His Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) shall have nothing to do with the one who contravenes this. It shall be obligatory on the Muslims to help the family of Zi-Marhab. It shall be imperative on the Muslims to save them from loss of life and property. Allah and His Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) are their helpers.

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
INJUNCTIONS TO THE KALB TRIBE



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

From Muhammad, Prophet of Allah --

To Bani Jinab of the Kalb Tribe and his helpers.

It is obligatory on those who say their prayers, pay Zakat, keep their faith firm and exert themselves in fulfilling their promises, to give by way of Zakat one goat on every five goats, which are tended by a goat herd and a faultless she camel on 50 she camels, whose young ones die.

No Zakat shall be levied on load bearing animals on the land which is irrigated by canal, and half Ushr on the rain fed land is to be paid.

The cattle which stray into their area, shall be theirs. No more than the fixed amount shall be charged from them. Allah and His Prophet are responsible for this writing.

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
INJUNCTIONS TO MEHRI BIN AL-ABYAD



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

1. The colonies of the true Muslims of Mehra Tribe shall not be devastated or ruined. Neither could they be invaded, nor war waged against them.

2. It is incumbent on these people to act according to the commandments of the religion.

3. A lost thing will have to be restored to its owner.

4. The cattle shall not be kept thirsty.

5. Disobedience, impolite talk and bloodshed should be avoided.

6. Any person who will abide by these injunctions, shall be the responsibility of Allah and His Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) and the violator shall be considered, as if waging war against Allah.'

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad

Note: A delegation of the Mehra Tribe went to the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) under the leadership of Mehri bin Abyad and embraced Islam. The above injunctions were given to them on that occasion.
INJUNCTIONS TO 'AMIR BIN ASWAD TAI



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

From Muhammad, Prophet of Allah --

To 'Amir Bin Aswad Tai

The colonies, wells and springs of Amir and his tribe Tai, shall remain in their possession, provided they keep saying prayers and paying Zakat, and remain aloof from the infidels.

Written by Mugheera.'

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
INJUNCTIONS TO HABIB BIN 'AAMAR AL-TAI



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

The wealth, lands and residential property and wells of any person, who embraces Islam and says prayers, shall remain in his ownership. None of his articles shall be taken possession of Allah and His Prophet(Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) are responsible for this writing.

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad

Note: The above two injunctions were issued by the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) to the two chiefs of the Tai tribes, when they presented themselves to the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam), and requested for the restoration of the rights of their property. The tribe is well known throughout the world on account of Hatim Tai, whose charity was boundless.
ORDERS TO BANI JUWAIN



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

From Muhammad, Prophet of Allah--

To Bani Juwain

Whoever from Bani Juwain believes in Allah, says prayers, pays Zakat, keeps away from infidels, remains obedient to Allah and His Prophet, continues to pay the share of Allah and His Prophet and adheres firmly to Islam, every such person is the responsibility of Allah and His Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam).

The lands, wells and all those things which they possessed and used legally, shall remain in their ownership.

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
DEED GRANTED TO ZUBAIR BIN AWWAM



In the name OF Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

From Muhammad, Prophet of Allah

To Zubair Bin Awwam

I have granted the entire land of Shawaq to Zubair. None shall interfere with him.

Written by Ali (Raziallah AnhoA.)

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad

Note: Zubair (Raziallah AnhoA.) was a cousin (son of his father's sister) of the Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam), and embraced Islam at an early age of 16. The Holy Prophet used to say that every prophet had Hawari (apostles) and that Zubair was his apostle. He was the person who participated in all the holy wars. The Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) granted him an estate, as in the above deed.
DEED GRANTED TO AUSAJA BIN HURMALA JUHANI



In the name OF Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

The Prophet of Allah (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) has granted the land of ZilMarwah to Ausaja Bin Hurmala. This document is for the same. He (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) has bestowed on him the entire piece of land from Balkasa to Musn'a and from Jafalat to the boundary of Jabal-e-Qibla. None shall interfere with him in this respect. Whoever disputes with him in the matter, shall not be in the right.

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
ORDERS TO BANI JURMUZ



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

The people of Bani Jurmuz will have peace and security in their colonies. Whatever wealth and property they had at the time of the acceptance of Islam, shall remain in their ownership.

Written by Mugheera (Raziallah AnhoA.)

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
DEED GRANTED TO BANI SHAMAKH



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

This is the deed, which Prophet Muhammad (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) has granted to Bani Shamakh of Juhaina Tribe. I have given to them the land of Sufaina, which they have marked and begun cultivation. None shall interfere with them.

Written by Aqaba(Raziallah AnhoA.)

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
DEED GRANTED TO BANI AL-HARIS



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Saria and its high land have been given to Bani Al-Haris, provided they say prayers, give Zakat keep away from infidels, and remain faithful and obedient to Allah and His Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam)'

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
DEED GRANTED TO BILAL BIN HARIS AL MUZANI



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Al-Nahal, Juz'a, etc. have been given to Bilal ALMuzani. In addition, Al-Muzza and Ghaila are granted to them. The high and low lands of all these places shall be theirs. They shall also own the mines, which are situated in these lands, provided they adhere firmly to Islam.

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
DEED GRANTED TO HIRAM BIN ABD-AS SULAMI



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

Hiram Bin Abd is granted 'Izama and the part of Shawaq which is his, is allowed to remain with him. Neither shall anyone commit an oppression or excess on him in this respect, nor will these people be allowed to outrage or tyrannise others.

Written by Khalid bin Sa'ed.

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
DEED GRANTED TO SA'EED DIN SUFYAN



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate. the Merciful.

This document is an instrument by virtue thereof the Prophet of Allah (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) has granted the datepalm garden of As-Swaraqia to Saeed Bin Sufyan As-R'ali. None shall question him in this regard.

Written by Khalid Bin Saed.

Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad
DEED GRANTED TO 'UTBA BIN FARQAD



In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

By virtue of this deed, the Prophet (Sal Allaho Alehe Wasallam) has granted land near the Mount of Marwa in Makkah for the construction of a house, to Utba Bin Farqad. None shall interfere with him in this respect.


Written by M'uaviya


Seal: Allah's Prophet Muhammad

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